Kendo matches (shiai) are fought between two
contestants on a court (shiajo), usually 11 metres
square, and are refereed by three judges (shinpan).
Kendo matches are decided by san-bon-shobu (best
of three points). If a match is tied, sometimes encho
(an extension) ensues, until a point (ippon) is scored.
Half-point penalties (hansoku) are given for fouls
such as dropping a shinai, or stepping out of the
shiajo. If a contestant fouls twice, a point is awarded
to his or her opponent.
To score a point, the target must be struck with
the correct part of the bamboo sword (shinai),
exhibiting strong kiai (spirit and positive voice),
the right posture, and zanshin (mental and
physical alertness against the opponents attack;
positive follow-through of attack and strike)
The target areas are:
Men (the head, centre, left or right temples)
Kote (the wrist, usually the right)
Do (across the body, usually the right side)
Tsuki (a thrust to the throat).
The Concept of Kendo
The concept of Kendo is to discipline the human character through the application of the principles of the Katana (Japanese Sword).
‘The Concept of Kendo’ was established by All Japan Kendo Federation in 1975. https://www.kendo-fik.org/english-page/english-page2/concept-of-Kendo.htm
The purpose of practicing Kendo is:
To mould the mind and body;
To cultivate a vigorous spirit;
To strive for improvements in the art of kendo,
And through correct and rigid training;
To hold in esteem human courtesy an honour;
To associate with others with sincerity;
To forever pursue the cultivation of oneself;
This will make one able to:
– Love his/her country and society;
– Contribute to the development of culture;
– Promote peace and prosperity among all peoples.